浅议Oracle中的进制转换

6/27/2005来源:Oracle教程人气:13876

作者: Eygle 出处: BLOG

  进制转换是开发中经常需要用到的,本文简单介绍几种常用的进制转化方法.

  一 16进制转换为10进制

  可以通过to_number函数实现

SQL> select to_number(’19f’,’xxx’) from dual;
TO_NUMBER(’19F’,’XXX’)
----------------------
415
SQL> select to_number(’f’,’xx’) from dual;
TO_NUMBER(’F’,’XX’)
-------------------
15 

  二 10进制转换为16进制

  可以通过to_char函数转换

SQL> select to_char(123,’xxx’) from dual;
TO_C
----
7b
SQL> select to_char(4567,’xxxx’) from dual;
TO_CH
-----
11d7 

  三 2进制转换为10进制

  从Oracle9i开始,提供函数bin_to_num进行2进制到10进制的转换

SQL> select bin_to_num(1,1,0,1) a,bin_to_num(1,0) b from dual;
A B
----- ----------
13 2
SQL> select bin_to_num(1,1,1,0,1) from dual;
BIN_TO_NUM(1,1,1,0,1)
---------------------
29 

  四 通过自定义函数实现进制转换

  以下函数来自AskTom网站,是Tom给出的例子,供参考:

create or replace function to_base( p_dec in number, p_base in number )
return varchar2
is
l_str varchar2(255) default NULL;
l_num number default p_dec;
l_hex varchar2(16) default ’0123456789ABCDEF’;
begin
if ( trunc(p_dec) <> p_dec OR p_dec < 0 ) then
raise PROGRAM_ERROR;
end if;
loop
l_str := substr( l_hex, mod(l_num,p_base)+1, 1 ) || l_str;
l_num := trunc( l_num/p_base );
exit when ( l_num = 0 );
end loop;
return l_str;
end to_base;
/
create or replace function to_dec

( p_str in varchar2,
p_from_base in number default 16 ) return number
is
l_num number default 0;
l_hex varchar2(16) default ’0123456789ABCDEF’;
begin
for i in 1 .. length(p_str) loop
l_num := l_num * p_from_base + instr(l_hex,upper(substr(p_str,i,1)))-1;
end loop;
return l_num;
end to_dec;
/
show errors
create or replace function to_hex( p_dec in number ) return varchar2
is
begin
return to_base( p_dec, 16 );
end to_hex;
/
create or replace function to_bin( p_dec in number ) return varchar2
is
begin
return to_base( p_dec, 2 );
end to_bin;
/
create or replace function to_oct( p_dec in number ) return varchar2
is
begin
return to_base( p_dec, 8 );
end to_oct;