IMailServer配置技巧-完整DNS设定(1)

12/3/2006来源:IMail Server人气:9182

セゅ盢磞瓃皌竚筿秎ン狝竟癸呼办嘿╰参(Domain Name System虏嘿DNS)籔秎ン狝竟闽玒暗弧穦磞瓃秎ン狝ミ秎ン诀秎ン诀籔DNS癘魁穎皌砞﹚


皌竚摸

膀セ皌竚
狦筿秎ン狝竟穦筿秎ン呼办钡Μ秎ン(ㄒdomain.com秎ン)叫綷弄材3"浪琩璶诀皌竚"材4"璶诀浪琩DNS皌竚"材2"琩膀セIMail皌竚"


秈顶皌竚
沮秎患惠―惠璶弄ㄇ秈顶皌竚肈  ﹛よ粄诀嘿ミ(ê琌讽杆IMail┮块)ゅalias┮IMail盢醚猭羭ㄒㄓ弧ミ獽ㄏuser@mail.domain.com ㎝user@domain.com 常琌猭叫把σ材5"秎ン诀砞﹚"

 狦筿秎ン狝竟盢穦筿秎ン呼办钡Μ秎ンτ–筿秎ン呼办局Τㄏノ(羭ㄒㄓ弧domain1.com籔domain2.com)叫把σ材7"糤肂秎ン诀"

 狦稱盢筿秎ン狝竟SMTP 秎ン筯笵竟(SMTP 秎ン筯笵竟琌稬硁Exchange┪CCMail┪贺秎ン狝竟)叫把σ材11"砞﹚IMailΘ秎ン筯笵竟"

 狦ㄏノ挤腹よΑ硈钡ISPす砛眖ISP眀め钡Μ秎ン叫把σ材10"砞﹚硈挡挤腹呼隔"

 狦稱ミIMailΘ狝竟称筿秎ン狝竟叫把σ材12"砞﹚IMail称筿秎ン狝竟"

 狦稱盢ㄏノ眀腹ぃ龟砰筿福い(砛琌ㄢ场筿福┪场筿福)羭ㄒㄓ弧盚domain.com秎ン砆host1.domain.com ㎝host2.domain.com矪瞶叫把σ材13"砞﹚癸单IMail狝竟"


琩膀セIMail皌竚
IMail Administrator北礶オ娩狾甶秨[localhost]ゅンЖㄓ诡IMail皌竚 э[Gate Host]籔[Default Host]ず甧 [Gate Host]逆陪ボ诀嘿讽秎ンぃ砆钡癳笷ヘ诀玥ㄏノGate Hostㄓ祇癳秎ンゑ耕环よ硂籔SMTP砞﹚狾い[Send all remote mail through gateway]Τ闽硈種患癳秎ン眏ㄏノ筯笵竟诀硂ㄏノ硈挡挤腹呼蹈讽Τノ 璝璶ㄏIMail盢钡╄笷诀ê或硂逆ゲ斗フ冈ǎ材き彻 [Default Host]逆陪ボ诀嘿狦秎ン﹍戳辨いㄏノ嘿τ⊿Τ诀呼办嘿玥ê秎ン莱赣砆肚癳Default Host┮诀硂ㄏノ嘿ぃ盚ン诀いタ盽猵硂逆莱フ┪莱砞﹚"localhost"传杠弧秎ン盢穦砆癳[ㄏノ嘿@箇砞诀]ぃ礛[ㄏノ嘿@箇砞诀]硂獺ぃ穦癳笷箇戳钡Μ



猔種
岿粇砞﹚硂匡兜旧璓獺ン盢穦肚癳倒獶箇戳钡Μ

ㄏノ醚靡(Root User ID)
–IMail诀ゲ斗Τㄏノ醚靡宽SMTP RFCs.砏﹚ㄏノ醚靡postmaster硂す砛竒パㄤ诀肚癳癟狝竟す砛綼╰参癟笆玻ネㄒ岿粇癟 狦璶诀ㄏノIMail戈畐┪场戈畐杆祘い承硑rootㄏノ籔postmaster礛盢ㄏノroot Root硂ㄏノ醚靡笆砆爹ぃ筁硂眀腹箇砞琌氨ノ 讽ㄏノNTㄏノ戈畐杆祘い承硑administratorㄏノ籔postmaster礛盢ㄏノadministrator


ず甧(General PRoperties)
General乓陪ボ诀籔ヘ魁戈癟 ¨Add Host〃秙盢陪ボ¨Virtual Host Configuration〃癸杠 ¨General〃乓い¨View Queue〃秙盢陪ボ单い盚秎ン–单帝砆盚秎ン常Τ郎硂郎嘿"¨Filename〃い翴匡ㄤい郎盢陪ボ硂獺戈癟单盚獺ン盢埃ウ┪眏ウ盚癳璶猔種琌礚猭э陪ボ戈癟


е硉箇凝IMail狝叭
翴阑¨Services〃ゅンЖе硉箇凝IMail 狝叭ǎ–狝叭篈¨Services〃ゅンЖ柑翴阑狝叭ㄓ皌竚IMail 狝叭礛狾い秸俱砞﹚


秸俱狝叭

硓筁甶秨オ娩狾い¨Services〃ゅンЖ㎝翴阑続讽狝叭э–狝叭皌竚娩狾い暗莱跑て 狦э跑ヴ把计эЧΘ叫氨ゎ狝叭单き礛币笆狝叭┪穝币笆╰参闽–狝叭冈灿戈癟盢祔彻竊い 箇砞狝叭梆 IMail狝叭ㄏノ兜TCP梆 SMTP梆25 POP3梆110 IMAP4梆143 LDAP梆389 Pserve(盞絏狝祘Α) 梆106 Web Messaging箇砞梆8383(э皌竚) Web Messaging SSL梆8384 浪琩箇砞梆8385(э皌竚) Web Calendaring箇砞梆8484(э皌竚) Web Calendaring SSL梆8485 SSL箇砞梆8384(э皌竚) IMail呼菏北恨瞶箇砞梆8181(э皌竚) 呼秎ン籔呼︽ㄆ句ㄏノㄇUDP梆硂ㄇ梆ノㄓ腊呼秎ン籔呼︽ㄆ句ぇ丁肪硄ㄒ钡Μㄏノ盞芲㎝祇癳ㄏノ醚靡㎝盞絏 呼秎ン籔呼︽ㄆ句ㄏノ兜UDP 梆 呼秎ン梆8000 呼︽ㄆ句梆8001


IMailヘ魁挡篶
IMailヘ魁硄盽琌C:\IMail琌"程糷ヘ魁." 杆﹚硂ヘ魁ッ环ぃ簿笆┪э跑硂ヘ魁程糷ヘ魁い琌┮ΤIMail莱ノ祘Α㎝璶诀ヘ魁 –诀ヘ魁(珹璶诀程糷ヘ魁)兜
 Listsヘ魁┮Τ狝祘Α秎患睲虫单竤舱い矗ゅ郎
 Spoolヘ魁单矪瞶秎ン
 Webヘ魁家,約㎝菏北郎
 Usersヘ魁诀ㄏノUsersヘ魁柑–ㄏノΤヘ魁–ㄏノヘ魁嘿碞琌ㄏノ醚靡ㄏノヘ魁ず郎弧ㄏノō郎(.uid)獺絚郎(.mbx)ま郎(.idx)Finger璸购安戳砏玥锣盚郎(.ima)
 ldapヘ魁ㄏノLDAP沧狠ノめ戈癟
 cfg ヘ魁IMail Client莱ノ祘Α戈癟



猔種
ぃ琌┮Τ诀ヘ魁常ΤSpoolヘ魁ΤIMail程糷ヘ魁ΤSpoolヘ魁

浪琩璶诀皌竚
ЧΘIMail杆盢Τ秎ン诀皌竚⌒嘿璶秎ン诀璶秎ン诀い浪琩兜ヘ
 璶秎ン诀いゲ﹚Τ杆IMail砞﹚诀嘿
硂琌﹛よ粄诀嘿甶秨¨localhost〃ゅンЖオ娩狾碞眔
1. 璝ぃ稱ㄏノ﹛よ粄诀嘿暗璶秎ン诀狝竟嘿璶秎ン诀承硑叫把σ" 秎ン诀砞﹚"


 跋办呼隔呼办嘿ゲ斗砞﹚Windows NT/2000い
1. 穨╰参い跋办呼隔浪琩呼办嘿
Windows 2000巨ㄒゴ秨北△╰参△呼隔醚△ず甧△跑醚絏跌怠い碞琩呼办嘿
2. 穨╰参い浪琩DNS戈癟
Windows 2000巨ㄒゴ秨北△呼隔㎝挤腹硈絬△蛮阑跋办呼隔△ず甧△Internet Protocol(TCP/ip)△ず甧△秈顶△DNS乓い碞琩DNS戈癟跋办呼隔い砞﹚DNS狝竟ゲ斗陪ボ¨IMail恨瞶ざい〃¨SMTP〃乓IMail恨瞶ざい浪琩DNS狝竟砞﹚叫匡拒¨SMTP〃乓¨Domain Name Server address〃逆い莱赣DNS狝竟IP

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ㄏノDOS㏑いNslookupㄓ琩DNS癘魁┪ㄏノIPSWITCH紅甅ㄣWS_Ping ProPackㄓ暗
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璶诀砞﹚DNS
惠璶DNS狝竟柑秎ン诀块兜
 惠璶MX 戈方癘魁秎ンユ传祘Αウノㄓ秎ンユ传いみ筿秎ン狝竟嘿(粂猭絛ㄒdomain.com IN MX 10 mail.domain.com)
 惠璶A 戈方癘魁诀ウノㄓ秎ン狝竟IP(粂猭絛ㄒmail.domain.com IN A 192.168.1.25)
 惠璶PTR戈方癘魁夹ウр秎ン狝竟㎝IP闽羛磅︽は嘿琩高(粂猭絛ㄒ25.1.168.192. in-addr.arpa ., type=PTR host=mail.domain.com)
羭絛ㄒㄓ弧癸诀mail.domain.comIMailㄓ弧ウDNS 兜ヘ穦癬ㄓ钩SOA
$ORIGIN
...
domain.com
IN MX 10 mail.domain.com (MX 戈方癘魁)
mail IN A 156.21.50.5 (A 戈方癘魁)
5.50.21.156.in-addr.arpa.,type = PTR (PTR 戈方癘魁)
host = mail.domain.com
祇癳user@domain.com秎ンDNS琩高穦砆诀mail.domain.com


秎ン诀砞﹚DNS
闽ΤIP 店览诀惠璶DNSいミ兜块
秎ン呼办MX戈方癘魁(羭ㄒㄓ弧mail.domain2.com)MX戈方癘魁醚店览诀诀嘿店览诀诀嘿A戈方癘魁A戈方癘魁р诀琈甮IP 
店览诀I
P PTR戈方癘魁PTR戈方癘魁рIP 琈甮诀ノは琩高闽⊿ΤIP店览诀惠璶硂秎ン呼办DNS い块MX 癘魁(羭ㄒㄓ弧mail.domain3.com)硂MX 癘魁醚硂璶秎ン诀诀 羭絛ㄒㄓ弧癸诀mail.domain3.comIMailㄓ弧ウDNS 兜ヘ穦癬ㄓ钩
SOA
$ORIGIN ...
domain3.com
IN MX 10 mail.domain3.com
祇癳user@domain3.com 秎ンDNS琩高穦砆
诀mail.domain3.com


秎ン诀砞﹚
IMail钡秎ン杆IMailタΑ诀嘿﹛よ粄诀嘿ミ┮IMail盢醚猭 羭ㄒㄓ弧﹛よ粄诀嘿mail.domain.com讽礛user琌诀猭ㄏノ狦稱璶IMail钡秎ンuser@domain.com秎ン惠璶块domain.com ﹛よ粄诀嘿 ﹛よ粄诀嘿ミ 1. オ娩い匡拒秎ン诀秎ン诀妮┦瞷 2. ¨Aliases〃逆い, 块嘿(羭ㄒㄓ弧domain.com)ノ跋筳程255じ 3. 翴阑¨Apply〃ㄓ纗跑


糤肂秎ン诀
狦稱璶IMail材筿秎ン呼办钡Μ秎ンΤウㄏノ惠璶材筿秎ン呼办ミ店览诀羭ㄒㄓ弧狦筿秎ン狝竟domain1.com呼办矗ㄑ秎ン狝叭辨ウ筿秎ン呼办domain2.com矗ㄑ秎ン狝叭惠璶domain2.com ミ店览诀 Τㄢ贺店览诀摸
 ΤIP 店览诀
 ⊿ΤIP 店览诀

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狦ㄏノΤIP┪⊿ΤIP店览诀惠璶秎ン呼办続讽DNSээ叫把σ¨秎ン诀砞﹚DNS〃の┮ㄏノDNS闽ゅン

ΤIP店览诀
硂硄盽琌砆崩滤ㄓミ店览诀よ猭タ盽IMail诀┮Τゲ斗穎皌ΤIP店览诀 ΤIP店览诀琌  –店览诀惠璶ウ斑IP   WindowsNT/2000い惠璶肂˙艼ㄓTCP/IPい糤IP

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狦タㄏノWindowsNT 3.5.1 ┪边セ糤きIP 狦惠璶糤IP叫把酚Windows NT弧郎
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⊿ΤIP 店览诀
⊿ΤIP 店览诀ゑêㄇΤIP 店览诀甧ミ杆IMail筿福盢穦だ皌店览IP 倒硂砆匡拒呼办礛DNSいㄏノMX癘魁盢店览诀璶诀(Τ痷龟IP) 礛τ⊿ΤIP店览诀Τㄇ
 讽ㄏノ祅魁ゲ斗块Ч俱秎ン暗ㄏノ醚靡獽IMail侩ㄏノ琌妮店览诀Τㄇ秎ン沧狠礚猭硈店览诀ㄓ綷弄秎ン硂璶琌ㄇ秎ン沧狠ㄏノ醚靡Τ┪琌篒@ぇ玡ㄏノ醚靡店览诀ㄏノぃじㄓ跋筳ㄏノ醚靡㎝诀嘿琌ゲ斗硄ㄏノ爹ㄏノ硂じ(羭ㄒㄓ弧userid#hostname.com)
 LDAP, Whois㎝Finger硂ㄇ狝叭ぃ⊿ΤIP 店览诀
讽IP┪辨锣盚呼办ずㄏノ┮Τ秎ン呼办ㄏノ秎ン眀腹崩滤ㄏノ⊿ΤIP 店览诀羭ㄒ弧
 璶呼办暗abracadabra.com  稱璶┮Τ盚癳merlin.com秎ン常砆锣盚info@abracadabra.com  璶ЧΘ硂笆merlin.comミ⊿ΤIP 店览诀ぃ璶merlin.comミヴㄏノ
 merlin.com ミnobodyabracadabra.com呼办いㄏノ眀腹
 癸┮Τ盚┕merlin.com秎ン常盢穦砆锣盚abracadabra.comêㄏノ眀腹い



皌竚店览诀
璶皌竚店览诀(眖¨IMail Administrator北礶〃¨Use Wizards〃)
1. オ娩狾い匡拒¨localhost〃ゅンЖ
2. 翴阑¨Add Host〃秙¨Virtual Host Configuration〃癸杠瞷¨Local Address〃い陪ボ┮ΤWindowsNT/2000 TCP/ IPい砞竚IP 砆IMailだ皌

3. 店览诀匡拒IP(¨Local Addresses〃い)┪翴阑¨Add〃秙穝秎ン呼办だ皌穝店览IP
4. ¨Official Host Name〃ゅ逆い块秎ン诀硂柑块盢砆ノㄓ店览诀ㄏノ秎ン羭ㄒㄓ弧┮Τ俱店览诀ㄏノ常盢ㄏノuser@mail.domain2.com ㄓ钡Μ秎ン
5. ¨Aliases〃ゅ逆い块稱璶筿福钡ㄓ钡Μ秎ン羭ㄒㄓ弧狦秎ン诀嘿琌mail.domain2.com砞﹚暗domain2.com獽IMail钡fred@mail.domain2.com籔fred@domain2.com秎ン莱赣ㄏノだ秨程255じ
6. ¨Top Directory Name〃ゅ逆い块纗硂店览诀ヘ魁嘿ヘ魁盢穦ノㄓㄏノ戈籔呼郎场薄盢穦稱璶–ミ店览诀ㄏノぃヘ魁ウ琵┮Τ店览诀ㄉヘ魁琌ê妓ㄏノ龟悔ㄉ獺絚
7. 匡拒稱璶硂诀皌竚ㄏノ戈畐摸  ㄏノIMailㄏノ戈畐  ㄏノセ诀NTㄏノ戈畐  ㄏノ场ㄏノ戈畐
8. 獺絚㎝秎ン块箇砞把计硂ㄇ把计続ノ店览诀┮Τㄏノ

Default Max Mailbox Size. ┮Τㄏノ獺絚秎ン程(bytes虫) 狦羆计禬筁程ヴ祇┕赣ㄏノ穝秎ン常盢砆砆癳盚ン 块箂礚

Default Max Messages. 箇砞程秎ン计秖(羆计獺絚いミ┮Τㄏノ秎ン) 狦程砆禬筁ヴㄏノ穝秎ン常盢砆癶盚ン 块箂礚

Single Message Max Size. 箇砞祇癳诀虫秎ン程 禬筁ê程ウ穦砆癶盚ン 块箂礚

Maximum User Count. 硂呼办い砆爹ㄏノ程计 块箂礚ㄏノ

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猔種Maximum User Countぃ続ノWindowsNTㄏノ戈畐┪场戈畐膀娄店览诀WindowsNTㄏノ戈畐┪场戈畐膀娄诀い┮陪ボㄏノ计秖ぃ琌タ絋
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9. 翴阑¨Save〃纗穝店览诀皌竚翴阑¨Exit〃闽超¨Virtural HostConfiguration〃癸杠