中小规模POSTFIX邮件系统的安装

12/3/2006来源:Qmail人气:7039

整个安装描述过程是基于FreeBSD 4.7环境下的,全部功能都安装在一台服务器上,并且拥有mail.localhost.com域名。
  
  1.安装webmin
  下载webmin-1.070.tar.gz
  #tar zxvf webmin-1.070.tar.gz
  #cd webmin-1.070
  #./setup.sh
  安装后可以对MySQL数据库进行管理,比如添加用户,向表里添加数据。
  
  2.数据库的设置
  
  2.1、安装mysql数据库
  
  本系统使用的是FreeBSD 4.7下ports安装的mysql数据库(当时使用原码安装时在安装postfix时出错,所以使用ports安装就解决了该问题)。
  
  #cd /usr/ports/databases/mysql323-server/
  #make install
  #cd work/mysql-3.23.52/
  #scripts/mysql_install_db
  #cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
  #echo “/usr/local/bin/safe_mysqld --user=mysql %26amp;” >> /etc/rc.local
  #/usr/local/bin/safe_mysqld --user=mysql %26amp; 启动mysql服务
  

  2.2、设置数据库
  
  2.2.1、添加mysql用户:
  
  1、使用webmin->mysql数据库服务器->用户权限,添加用户postfix,密码postfix,主机localhost,并设置拥有相应的权限。
  
  2、使用SQL语句添加用户:
  #cd /usr/local/bin
  #./mysql –D mysql –p
  PassWord:
  mysql>INSERT INTO user (host,user,password)
  ->VALUES (‘localhost’,‘postfix’,’’);
  Query OK. I row affected (0.00 sec)
  mysql>UPDATA user SET password=password(‘postfix’)
  ->WHERE user=’postfix’;
  Rows matched: 1 Changed: 1 Warnings: 0
  mysql>FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
  Query OK. 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
  mysql>GRANT select,insert,update on mail.* TO postfix
  Query OK. 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
  mysql>exit
  
  2.2.2、向数据库中添加表
  
  #cd /usr/local/bin/
  #ee postfix.sql
  
  CREATE DATABASE;
  GRANT ALL ON mail.* [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY “postfix”;
  FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
  use mail;
  CREATE TABLE forward (
  username varchar(255) NOT NULL default ‘’, //本机地址
  forward_addr varchar(255) default NULL, //转发地址
  PRIMARY KEY (username)
  ) TYPE=MyISAM;
  CREATE TABLE transport (
  domain varchar(255) NOT NULL default ‘’, //邮件域
  transport varchar(icon_cool.gif default NULL, //处理方式
  PRIMARY KEY (domain)
  ) TYPE=MyISAM;
  CREATE TABLE users (
  username varchar(128) NOT NULL default ‘’, //用户名
  domain varchar(128) NOT NULL default ‘’, //邮件域
  address varchar(128) NOT NULL default ‘’, //邮件地址
  password varchar(128) NOT NULL default ‘’, //用户密码(明文)
  uid int(6) NOT NULL default ‘1024’, //uid
  gid int(6) NOT NULL default ‘1024’, //gid
  home varchar(255) NOT NULL default ‘/’, //home目录
  maildir varchar(255) NOT NULL default ‘’, //maildir目录
  quota varchar(255) NOT NULL default ‘’, //邮箱容量
  mailok tinyint(3) NOT NULL default ‘1’,
  bool1 tinyint(3) NOT NULL default ‘1’,
  bool2 tinyint(3) NOT NULL default ‘1’,
  PRIMARY KEY (address),
  UNIQUE KEY address (address),
  KEY address_2 (address)
  ) TYPE=MyISAM;
  
  输入完毕后保存退出。
  #./mysql –u postfix –p < postfix.sql
  #password:postfix
  
  2.2.3、向表中添加数据
  
  #/usr/local/bin
  #./mysql –u postfix –p
  password:******
  mysql>use mail
  mysql>INSERT INTO transport (domain,transport)
  ->VALUES (’localhost.com’,’virtual:’);
  mysql>INSERT INTO users (username,domain,address,password,uid,gid,
  home,maildir,quota,mailok,bool1,bool2)
  ->VALUES (‘test’,’localhost.com’,’test.localhost.com’,
  ’test’,’1024’,’1024’,’/’,
  ’/var/postfix_mail/test/Maildir/’,’5000000’,’1’,’1’,’1’);
  mysql>exit
  
  3.安装CYRUS-SASL
  
  #tar –zxvf cyrus-sasl-1.5.27
  #cd cyrus-sasl-1.5.27
  #./configure --with-pwcheck=/var/pwcheck --enable-login
  --enable-plain
  #make
  #make install
  
  #echo /usr/local/lib/ >> /etc/ld.so.conf
  #echo /usr/local/lib/mysql/ >> /etc/ld.so.conf
  #ldconfig
  
  #cp /usr/local/include/* /usr/include
  #cp /usr/local/lib/lib*.* /usr/lib
  
  #ln –s /usr/local/lib/sasl /usr/lib/sasl
  #ln –s /usr/local/include/mysql /usr/include/mysql
  #ln –s /usr/local/lib/mysql /usr/lib/mysql
  
  在/usr/local/lib/sasl下建立文件smtpd.conf,添加一下内容:
  pwcheck_method:mysql
  mysql_user:postfix
  mysql_passwd:postfix
  mysql_host:localhost
  mysql_database:mail
  mysql_table:users
  mysql_uidcol:address
  mysql_pwdcol:password
  
  4.安装和设置postfix
  
  4.1、安装postfix
  
  4.4.1、编译/etc/rc.conf,设置sendmail_enable=”NO”
  
  #mv /usr/bin/newaliases /usr/bin/newaliases.OFF
  #mv /usr/bin/mailq /usr/bin/mailq.OFF
  #mv /usr/sbin/sendmail /usr/sbin/sendmail.OFF
  #pw groupadd postfix –g 1024
  #pw groupadd postdrop –g 1025
  #pw useradd postfix –u 1024 –g postfix
  #echo ‘postfix:root’ >> /etc/aliases
  
  4.4.2、安装postfix和相应的quota补丁
  
  #tar zxvf postfix-1.1.11.tar.gz
  #patch < postfix-1.1.11_quota_maildirsize.patch
  #make –f Makefile.init makefiles ‘CCARGS=-DUSE_SASL_AUTH –DHAS_MYSQL –I/usr/include/mysql’ ‘AUXLIBS=-L/usr/lib/mysql –lmysqlclient –lasal –lz –lm’
  #make
  #make install 按照默认路径一路回车就可以安装成功postfix,如果出错,在提示“tempdir”时输入:/tmp,这样一般就可以通过。
  
  4.2、设置postfix
  
  postfix默认安装到/etc/postfix目录下,设置文件也在这
  #cd /etc/postfix
  
  4.2.1、编译主配置文件main.cf
  
  #ee main.cf 添加如下内容
  
  #Base configure
  myhostname = mail.localhost.com //本机的机器名
  mydomain = local.com //域名
  mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 192.168.0.0/16 //允许不经smtp认证能发信的ip段
  home_mailbox = Maildir/ //使用的邮箱格式为Maildir/
  smtpd_banner = Welcome to localhost.com mail system! //smtp的欢迎信息
  
  #Mysql configure
  transport_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/transport.cf //指定那些域的邮件可以被postfix收下来
  virtual_mailbox_base =/ //指定用户邮箱所在的根目录
  virtual_uid_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/ids.cf //指定postfix帐号的ID
  virtual_gid_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/gds.cf //指定postfix组的ID
  virtual_mailbox_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/users.cf //指定用户邮箱的目录
  virtual_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/forward.cf //指定自动转发邮件的设置
  #Quota configure
  message_size_limit = 5000000 //单个邮件大小的限制
  virtual_mailbox_limit = 5000000 //默认的邮箱大小
  virtual_mailbox_limit_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/quota.cf //每个用户的邮箱大小
  virtual_mailbox_limit_override = yes //是否允许覆盖默认的邮箱大小
  
  #smtp configure
  smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
  smtpd_sasl_local_domain = $myhostname
  smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks permit_sasl_authenticated permit_auth_destination reject
  smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
  smtpd_client_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated
  
  inet_interfaces = all //监听所有端口
  inet_interfaces = 192.168.80.21 //是外面的用户也可以发送邮件
  
  4.2.2、查看master.cf文件必须包含下面一行
  
  virtual unix - n n - - virtual
  
  4.2.3、编译transport.cf
  
  #touch transport.cf
  #ee transport.cf 添加如下内容
  user = postfix
  password = postfix
  dbname = mail
  table = transport
  select_field = transport
  where_field = domain
  hosts = localhost
  
  4.2.4、编译ids.cf
  
  #touch ids.cf
  #ee ids.cf
  user = postfix
  password = postfix
  dbname = mail
  table = users
  select_field = uid
  where_field = address
  hosts = localhost
  4.2.5、编译gds.cf
  
  #touch gds.cf
  #ee gds.cf
  user = postfix
  password = postfix
  dbname = mail
  table = users
  select_field = gid
  where_field = address
  hosts = localhost
  
  4.2.6、编译forward.cf
  
  #touch forward.cf
  #ee forward.cf
  user = postfix
  password = postfix
  dbname = mail
  table = forward
  select_field = forward_addr
  where_field = username
  hosts = localhost
  
  4.2.7、编译users.cf
  
  #touch users.cf
  #ee users.cf
  user = postfix
  password = postfix
  dbname = mail
  table = users
  select_field = maildir
  where_field = address
  hosts = localhost
  
  4.2.8、编译quota.cf
  
  #touch quota.cf
  #ee quota.cf
  user = postfix
  password = postfix
  dbname = mail
  table = users
  select_field = quota
  where_field = address
  hosts = localhost
  
  4.3、启动postfix
  
  #/usr/sbin/postfix start
  postfix/postfix-script: starting the Postfix mail system
  
  #echo “/usr/sbin/postfix start” >> /etc/rc.local
  
  #telnet localhost 25
  Connected to localhost.localhost.com.
  Escape character is ‘^]’.
  220 Welcome to localhost mail system!
  
  4.4、测试postfix
  
  4.4.1、建立mail邮件存放目录
  #cd /var
  #mkdir postfix_mail
  #chown –R postfix:postfix /var/postfix_mail
  
  4.4.2、使用客户端发邮件
  此时可以使用客户端的Foxmail或者Outlook向用户test.localhost.com发送邮件,然后到/var/postfix/test/Maildir/下查看邮件,如果能收到说明SMTP已经工作正常了,如果有问题仔细检查自己的每个步骤。
  
  5.安装设置courier-imap
  
  5.1、安装courier-imap
  
  #cd /usr/ports/mail/courier-imap
  #make
  #cd work/courier-imap-1.5.3
  #./configure –with-db=db –without-socks –disable-root-check
  #make
  #make install
  #/usr/lib/courier-imap/libexec/authlib/authdaemon start
  #echo “/usr/lib/courier-imap/libexec/authlib/authdaemon start” >> /etc/rc.local
  
  5.2、添加用户
  
  #cd /usr/local/bin
  #./mysql –D mysql –p
  password:*******
  mysql>INSERT INTO user (host,user,password)
  ->VALUES (‘localhost’,’courier’,’’);
  mysql>UPDATA user SET password=password(‘haha’)
  ->WHERE user=’courier’;
  mysql>FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
  mysql>GRAN select,insert,update on mail.* TO courier;
  mysql>exit
  
  5.3、设置courier-imap
  
  #cd /usr/lib/courier-imap/etc
  #cp authdaemonrc.dist authdaemonrc
  #cp authmysqlrc.dist authmysqlrc
  #cp imapd.dist imapd
  #cp imapd-ssl.dist imapd-ssl
  #cp pop3d.dist pop3d
  #cp pop3d-ssl pop3d-ssl
  
  #ee pop3d
  
  prefix=/usr/lib/courier-imap
  exec_prefix=/usr/lib/courier-imap
  sbindir=”/usr/lib/courier-imap/sbin”
  
  PIDFILE=/var/run/pop3d.pid
  MAXDAEMONS=40
  MAXPERIP=4
  AUTHMODULES=”authdaemon”
  AUTHMODULES_ORIG=”authdaemon”
  POP3AUTH=””
  POP3AUTH_ORIG=”LOGIN CRAM-md5 CRAM-SHA1”
  POP3AUTH_TLS=””
  POP3AUTH_TLS_ORIG=”LOGIN PLAIN”
  PORT=110
  ADDRESS=0
  TCPDOPTS=”-nodnslookup -noidentlookup”
  POP3DSTART=YES
  
  #ee imapd
  
  IMAPDSTART=YES
  
  #ee authdaemonrc
  authmodulelist=”authmysql authpam”
  authmodulelistorig=”authcustom authcram authuserdb authmysql authpam”
  daemons=5
  version=”authdaemond.mysql”
  authdaemonvar=”/usr/lib/courier-imap/var/authdaemon”
  
  #ee authmysqlrc
  MYSQL_SERVER localhost
  MYSQL_USERNAME courier
  MYSQL_PASSWORD haha
  MYSQL_SOCKET /tmp/mysql.sock
  MYSQL_PORT 3306
  MYSQL_OPT 0
  MYSQL_DATABASE mail
  MYSQL_USER_TABLE users
  #MYSQL_CRYPT_PWFIELD password
  MYSQL_CLEAR_PWFIELD password
  MYSQL_UID_FIELD uid
  MYSQL_GID_FIELD gid
  MYSQL_LOGIN_FIELD address
  MYSQL_HOME_FIELD home
  MYSQL_NAME_FIELD username
  MYSQL_MAILDIR_FIELD maildir
  MYSQL_QUOTA_FIELD quota
  MYSQL_WHERE_CLAUSE mailok=1
  
  #cd ..
  #ln -s /usr/lib/courier-imap/libexec/imapd.rc imapd
  #ln -s /usr/lib/courier-imap/libexec/pop3d.rc pop3d
  #./imapd start
  #echo “/usr/lib/courier-imap/imap start” >> /etc/rc.local
  #./pop3d start
  #echo “/usr/lib/courier-imap/pop3 start” >> /etc/rc.local
  #netstat –an | grep LISTEN
  tcp4 0 0 *:110 *:* LISTEN
  tcp46 0 0 *:110 *:* LISTEN
  tcp4 0 0 *:143 *.* LISTEN
  tcp46 0 0 *.143 *.* LISTEN
  
  #telnet localhost 110
  Trying 127.0.0.1...
  Connected to localhost.cw-isquare.com.
  Escape character is ‘^]’.
  +OK Hello there
  #quit
  
  #telnet localhost 143
  *OK Courier-IMAP ready. Copyright 1998-2002 Double Precision, Inc. See COPYING for distribution information.
  #quit
  
  5.安装设置sqwebmail
  
  5.1、安装sqwebmail-3.5.0-cn.tar.gz
  
  #tar zxvf sqwebmail-3.5.0.tar.gz
  #cd sqwebmail-3.5.0
  #./configure --without-authpam –with-db=db --enable-webpass=no --without-authpwd --without-authshadow
  #make configure-check
  #make
  #make install-strip
  #make install-configure
  
  #/usr/local/share/sqwebmail/libexec/authlib/authdaemond start
  #echo “/usr/local/share/sqwebmail/libexec/authlib/authdaemond start” >> /etc/rc.local
  
  5.2、配置sqwebmail-3.5.0
  
  5.2.1、安装apache
  #tar apache_1.3.22.tar.gz
  #cd apache_1.3.22
  #./configure –prefix=/usr/local/apache
  #make
  #make install
  
  5.2.2、设置sqwebmail
  #cd /usr/local/share/sqwebmail
  #ee authdaemonrc
  authmodulelist=”authmysql authpam”
  authmodulelistorig=”authcustom authcram authuserdb authmysql authpam”
  daemons=5
  version=”authdaemond.mysql”
  authdaemonvar=”/usr/local/share/sqwebmail/var/authdaemon”
  
  #ee authmysqlrc
  MYSQL_SERVER localhost
  MYSQL_USERNAME courier
  MYSQL_PASSWORD haha
  MYSQL_SOCKET /tmp/mysql.sock
  MYSQL_PORT 3306
  MYSQL_OPT 0
  MYSQL_DATABASE mail
  MYSQL_USER_TABLE users
  #MYSQL_CRYPT_PWFIELD password
  MYSQL_CLEAR_PWFIELD password
  MYSQL_UID_FIELD uid
  MYSQL_GID_FIELD gid
  MYSQL_LOGIN_FIELD address
  MYSQL_HOME_FIELD home
  MYSQL_NAME_FIELD username
  MYSQL_MAILDIR_FIELD maildir
  MYSQL_QUOTA_FIELD quota
  MYSQL_WHERE_CLAUSE mailok=1
  
  
  5.2.3、测试sqwebmail-3.5.0
  
  在客户端的浏览器的地址栏输入
  http://mail.localhost.com/cgi-bin/sqwebmail
  输入用户名和密码就可以登录进去收发邮件了。
  注意:用户名一定要输入全称,也就是连域名一起输入。
  
  5.2.4、设置apache页面跳转
  
  #cd /usr/local/apache/htdocs
  #touch index.html
  #ee index.html
  
    .com/cgi-bin/sqwebmail?index=1”>
  
  现在就可以直接在IE的地址栏输入:
  http://mail.localhost.com
  来访问sqwebmail了
  
  这篇文章没有加入smtp认证,上次有个朋友在帖子里说过加认证的方法,由于没有时间,所以我就没有试。还有没有邮件列表的问题,我找不到解决的方法,如果有朋友看到这篇文章请把smtp认证和邮件列表功能补充一下,这要就比较完整了。在此我先表示感谢~