Cisco Works 2000的安装和使用

1/6/2008来源:Cisco网络人气:4084


  Ciscoworks2000安装过程
  
  1、 Ciscoworks2000简介
  
  Ciscoworks2000包括:LAN solution、 routed WAN solution、Service management solution、VPN/Security management solution.
  
  LAN solution 包括:ciscoworks2000 comnon management foundation、resource management essentials、campus manager、content flow monitor、nGenius real-time monitor、device fault manager.
  
  routed WAN solution 包括:ciscoworks2000 comnon management foundation、resource management essentials、nGenius real-time monitor、access control monitor、internetwork performance monitor
  
  Service management solution包括:ciscoworks2000 comnon management foundation、service-level manager、managenment engine(ME 1100)
  
  VPN/Security management solution包括:ciscoworks2000 comnon management foundation、VPN monitor、cisco secure policy manager lite
  
  2、 安装CD ONE
  
  2.1在SUN SOLARIS 2.7上安装CD ONE THE 4th edition
  
  ①服务器要求⑥⑦⑧
  Requirement Type Minimum Requirements
  System hardware Sparc Ultra 10.
  17-inch color monitor.
  CD-ROM drive.
  Memory (RAM) 256 MB (all CD One components).
  Available drive space 2 GB on the partition on which you install the PRodUCt (the
  default is /opt).
  Swap space equal to the amount of memory (RAM). For
  example, if your system has 256 MB of RAM, you need
  256 MB of swap space.
  System software Solaris 2.6 or Solaris 2.7
  Additional software (Optional) Netscape Navigator 4.75
  
  ②sun solaris 2.7 patch:
  106327-05
  106980-10
  107081-11
  107636-03
  108376-03 (Asian only)
  
  ③开始安装
  2-5
  Step 1 As root, mount the CD One CD-ROM using either of the following methods:
  Mount the CD-ROM on the CD One server system.
  Mount the CD-ROM on a remote Solaris system, then access the
  CD-ROM from the CD One server system.
  instructions.
  Step 2 Run the installation program.
  For a local installation, enter:
  # cd /cdrom/cdrom0/
  # ./setup.sh
  For a remote installation, enter:
  # cd remotedir
  # ./setup.sh
  A message may display:
  Warning: User casuser already exists, the installation process will
  overwrite its privilege.
  Do you want to continue (y/n) [y]
  This message will not appear if this is the first time CD One, 4th Edition, has been
  installed on this machine.
  Step 3 Press Enter if you receive the casuser message. The installation program adds the
  new user casuser and the new group casusers to the system.
  Note If CD One has previously been installed on this machine, the product
  will automatically be installed in the same location where CD One was
  previously installed.
  A message displays:
  Enter the location where the product will be installed or q to quit.
  Default location (PKGROOT) [/opt/CSCOpx]
  Note CD One requires a Directory named /opt/CSCOpx. If you select a
  different installation directory, the /opt/CSCOpx directory will be
  created and will be a link to the directory you selected.
  Step 4 Press Enter to accept the default directory for product installation, or enter a
  different directory.
  Step 5 Select one of the following:
  
  1) NMS Integration Utility to install only the Integration Utility
  (For information about the Integration Utility and third-party NMS integration,
  refer to Using CiscoView.)
  
  2) Common Management Foundation (CMF) Base Desktop to install a subset
  of CMF
  (Select this option only if the application you’ll be installing next requires the
  CMF Base Desktop and you do not want CiscoView or NMS Integration Utility
  installed.)
  
  3) CiscoView
  
  4) CiscoView, NMS Integration Utility and CMF to install all CD One
  components (Recommended for most systems)
  
  Step 6 Enter the number corresponding to the option you have chosen or q to quit. 一般新的安装选第4项。
  The Integration Utility will be installed now. The Integration Utility
  integrates Cisco device packages and Cisco applications into
  third-party SNMP management platforms. You can choose to integrate
  with a third-party SNMP management platform during this install or
  later.
  Do you want to integrate with the third-party product now (y/n) [n]
  Step 7 Select one of the following:
  n to integrate with a third-party NMS after installation (this is the
  recommended choice to complete the installation more quickly, and to avoid
  faulty third-party installation errors)
  If you select n, go to Step 8.
  y to integrate with a third-party NMS during installation
  If you select y, continue with steps a through c.
  a. Select the adapter from the list of available adapters, or select other to choose
  an adapter that is not listed (you will be prompted to enter the path name of
  the adapter), or select none to integrate after the installation is complete.
  If you select none, go to Step 8.
  b. Enter the HTTP browser location, or press Enter to accept the default
  location, /opt/netscape/netscape.
  A message appears, aSKINg if you want to enable download options from the
  Cisco Web page (CCO).
  c. Select one of the following:
  n to disallow future upgrades from the Cisco Web page.
  y to enable future upgrades from the Cisco Web page.
  Enter your CCO user ID and passWord.
  
  ④客户端设置
  
  浏览器要求:
  Browser Netscape Navigator 4.75.
  (Windows NT 4.0 Workstation and Server, Windows 98, windows 2000
  Professional and Server, Solaris 2.5.1, Solaris 2.6, Solaris 2.7, AIX 4.33,
  HP-UX 11.0)
  Microsoft Internet EXPlorer 5.5 with Service Pack 1.
  java Virtual Machine (JVM) version 5.0.0.3167 or current shipping version.
  To verify the JVM, select View > Java Console.
  (Windows NT, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 2000)
  
  在系统中安装JAVA runtime environment 1.3.1。
  配置客户端:
  3-2
  Step 1 Enable Java and Javascript:
  Netscape Navigator—Select Edit>Preferences>Advanced. Select the
  Enable Java and Enable JavaScript check boxes, then click OK.
  Microsoft Internet Explorer—Select Tools>Internet Options>Advanced.
  Under the Microsoft VM heading, select Java console enabled, JIT
  compiler for virtual machine enabled, and Java logging enabled, then
  click OK.
  Step 2 Set your browser cache to at least 6 MB:
  Netscape Navigator—Select Edit>Preferences>Advanced>Cache. Set
  both the memory cache and the disk cache to at least 6144 KB, then click OK.
  Internet Explorer—Select Tools>Internet Options>General, then click
  Settings. Set the cache to at least 6 MB using the Amount of disk space to
  use slider bar. Click OK to close the Settings dialog box and return to the
  Internet Options dialog box, then click OK again.
  Step 3 Configure your browser to accept all cookies:
  Netscape Navigator—Select Edit>Preferences>Advanced. Select the
  Accept all cookies radio button, then click OK.
  Internet Explorer—Select Tools>Internet Options>Security. Select
  Internet, and click Custom Level. Scroll to Cookies and select Enable for
  both, stored on your computer and per-session. Click OK, click OK again.
  Step 4 Configure your browser to compare each page with its cached version every time
  it loads a page:
  Netscape Navigator—Select Edit>Preferences>
  Advanced>Cache. Select the Every Time radio button, then click OK.
  Internet Explorer—Select Tools>Internet Options>General, then click
  Settings. Select the Every visit to the page radio button, then click OK.
  Note This option must be set to prevent Internet Explorer from using the
  cached information for help links. If it is not set, the first help link is
  displayed properly, but the second time you click a link, the first page
  is displayed again.
  Step 5 Change the default timeout to 20 minutes:
  Internet Explorer only—See the instructions on the Microsoft Support Web
  site.
  Step 6 Enable style sheets:
  Netscape Navigator—Select Edit>Preferences>Advanced. Select the
  Enable Style Sheets check box, then click OK.
  Internet Explorer—Select Tools>Internet Options>General, then click
  Accessibility. Make sure that the Format documents using my style sheet
  check box is not selected, then click OK to close the Accessibility dialog box,
  then click OK again to close the Internet Options dialog box.
  Step 7 Change the default font to sans serif for improved readability:
  Netscape Navigator—Select Edit>Preferences>Appearance>Fonts.
  Select a sans-serif font (for example, Arial) and a font size in the Variable
  Width Font and Fixed Width Font selection areas, then click OK. The text
  in the browser window is redrawn using the new fonts.
  Internet Explorer—Select Tools>Internet Options>General, then click
  Fonts. Select a sans-serif font (for example, Arial) from the Web page font
  and Plain text font lists, then click OK. Click OK to close the dialog box.
  The text in the browser window is redrawn using the new fonts.
  If you have browser problems after configuring your browser, increase your disk
  cache settings.
  After the web browser is installed on the client machine, there are no additional
  disk space requirements. However, because the browser uses the local machine’s
  disk to store cached information, make sure you have enough disk space for the
  amount of cached information you want to store. All CD One information is
  stored on the CiscoWorks2000 Server.
  
  ⑤访问CISCOWORKS:
  http://server_name:1741
  用户名:admin 密码:admin
  
  3.安装campus manager
  
  Step 1 As root, mount the Campus Manager CD-ROM, using either of the following
  methods:
  Mount the CD-ROM on the Campus Manager server system.
  Mount the CD-ROM on a remote Solaris system, then access the CD-ROM
  from the Campus Manager server system.
  Step 2 Run the installation program.
  For a local installation, enter:
  # cd /cdrom/cdrom0/
  # ./setup.sh
  For a remote installation, enter:
  # cd remotedir
  # ./setup.sh
  Note Campus is installed in the same location as CiscoWorks2000
  CD One. The default is /opt/CSCOpx.
  The installation program checks for compatible patches, dependencies, and disk
  space.
  Step 3 Answer any questions that result from the checks.
  The installation program displays many messages about the various packages
  being installed and the services being started. The packages include application
  software and device adapter packages for all devices that can be managed with
  Campus applications.
  The installation completes, installing Campus in the same location as CD One
  (/opt/CSCOpx by default). The CiscoWorks2000 Server is running.
  If errors occurred during installation, check the installation log file
  /var/tmp/ciscoinstall.log. For information about troubleshooting, refer to
  
  4.安装resource manager essentiall
  
  1-9
  Step 1 As root, mount the Essentials CD-ROM. You can either:
  Mount the CD-ROM on the CiscoWorks2000 Server system.
  or
  Mount the CD-ROM on a remote Solaris system, then access the CD-ROM
  from the CiscoWorks2000 Server system.
  Step 2 Start the installation program.
  For a local installation, enter:
  # cd /cdrom/cdrom0/
  # ./setup.sh
  # ./setup.sh
  The installation program checks for required patches and other dependencies and
  displays:
  
  1) Resource Manager Essentials
  
  2) Resource Manager Essentials Incremental Device Support
  
  3) All of the above
  
  Select one of the items using its number or enter q to quit [q]
  Note Option 3 is the most likely choice for new installations of
  Essentials 3.3. If you try to install only one of the
  components without the other already on your machine, the
  installation fails.
  Step 3 Enter 3 and press Return. The installation program checks dependencies and
  system requirements.
  If there is not enough disk space to install Essentials and IDS, the installation
  program displays an error message and stops.
  If the minimum requirements are not met, the installation program displays
  an error message and continues with the installation.
  The installation completes without displaying more questions, and the system
  prompt appears.
  
  5.安装device fault manager(注重安装)
  
  2-2
  Step 1 Make sure your system meets these prerequisites:
  Required (or desired) Operating system upgrades have been performed, and
  required service packs are installed.
  All installed applications are supported by CD One, 4th Edition. Applications
  not supported by CD One, 4th Edition, will be disabled when you upgrade
  CD One.
  CD One, 4th Edition, has been installed.
  Step 2 Close all open or active programs. Do not run other programs during the
  installation process.
  Step 3 As root, log on to the system on which you will install DFM, and mount a local
  or remote CD-ROM drive. For instructions on mounting the CD-ROM, refer to
  Step 4 Start the installation program by entering one of the following:
  For a local installation, enter:
  # cd /cdrom/cdrom0
  # ./setup.sh
  2-3
  The installation program stops CiscoWorks2000, performs a requirements check,
  and displays the following prompt:
  WARNING: User casuser already exists, the installation process will
  overwrite its privilege.
  
  Do you want to continue (y/n) [y]
  Step 5 Press Return to confirm installing the packages with the correct privileges. The
  installation program displays the following installation choices (the choices may
  vary, depending on your configuration):
  
  1) CiscoWorks2000 Device Fault Manager
  
  2) Device Fault Manager HPOV-NetView adapters
  
  Step 6 Select 1 and press Return. This installs the complete DFM package, which
  contains DFM, the DFM incremental device support base package, the
  HPOV-NetView Adapter, and the RME Adapter.
  The installation program checks dependencies and system requirements.
  If there is not enough disk space for the installation, the installation program
  displays an error message and stops.
  Note Do not be alarmed if you see the following message:
  INFO: total size (MB) required = 87
  This message applies to disk space required by the
  current set of individual packages being installed.
  If the minimum recommended requirements are not met, the installation
  program displays an error message and continues installing.
  The installation proceeds without displaying any more questions, and the system
  prompt appears. The installation program copies the files to the CiscoWorks2000
  default installation directory /opt/CSCOpx ($NMSROOT).
  Step 7 Unmount and eject the CD-ROM.
  (注重操作)
  Step 8 Specify the clients that are allowed to connect to the DFM server. (DFM provides this
  fine-grain control as an additional security feature.)
  a. Unregister the daemons with the daemon manager:
  – For DfmServer:
  # $NMSROOT/bin/pdcmd -u DfmServer
  – For DfmBroker:
  # $NMSROOT/bin/pdcmd -u DfmBroker
  (可以不做)b. Decide which hosts you want to specify using the --accept option with
  arguments shown in Table 2-1.
  For example, this command fragment would allow connections only from
  hosts lucy and ethel:
  --accept=lucy,ethel
  c. Re-register the daemons with the daemon manager, specifying the clients that
  can connect to the broker and server (in this example, the DFM broker port is
  9002):
  – For DfmBroker (the following command is one line):
  # $NMSROOT/bin/pdcmd -r DfmBroker -e $NMSROOT/objects/smarts/bin/brstart -f "--output
  --port=9002 --accept=lucy,ethel,... --restore=$NMSROOT/objects/smarts/conf/broker.rps"
  – For DfmServer (the following command is one line):
  # $NMSROOT/bin/pdcmd -r DfmServer -e $NMSROOT/objects/smarts/bin/sm_server -d DfmBroker -f
  "--bootstrap=DFM_bootstrap.conf --accept=lucy,ethel,... --output --name=DFM"
  (可选)d. Make sure that the client names and current IP addresses are registered with
  DNS if:
  – You are running DHCP and/or
  – You specified the clients with hostnames
  Step 9 To verify that the DfmServer process is running, log on to the CiscoWorks2000
  desktop as the administrator and select Server Configuration>
  Administration>Process Management>Process Status.
  
  6.安装content flow manager(没有多少用)
  
  Step 1 Log in as the root user as described in the “Becoming the Root User” section on
  page 2-1.
  Step 2 Mount the CD-ROM. For detailed instructions, see Appendix B, “Mounting and
  Unmounting the CD-ROM Drive.”
  Step 3 Change to the mounted directory using the cd command:
  # cd /cdrom/cdrom0
  Step 4 Start the installation script by entering the following command:
  # ./setup.sh
  The CFM setup program verifies the system environment for software
  installation.
  
  7.安装internetwork performance manager
  
  1) 在solaris 上安装
  4-15
  Step 1 Log in as the root user
  
  Step 2 Mount the CD-ROM drive
  
  Step 3 Change to the mounted directory using the cd command:
  # cd /cdrom/cdrom0
  
  Step 4 Start the installation script by entering the following command:
  # ./setup.sh
  
  The following IPM setup program menu appears:
  
  1) Review README File First (Recommended)
  
  2) Install IPM Server and Client
  
  3) Install IPM Client Only
  
  4) Exit Setup
  
  Please choose an option ->
  Step 5 Type the number of the desired installation option and press Enter.(一般选2) The IPM setup
  program verifies the system environment for installation of the software.
  
  The following message appears:
  Enter full Netscape browser executable pathname:
  [/opt/netscape/netscape]
  
  Step 6 To accept the default path for Netscape Communicator, press Enter. If the
  Netscape Communicator executable file is located in a different directory than the
  default, type the full path (including file name) where the executable file is
  located.
  The IPM installation program determines whether or not your system meets the
  hardware and software requirements for running IPM.
  4-17
  
  Step 7 If your system meets the requirements for IPM, the following prompt appears:
  Do you want the Express Install (y/n) [Y]
  To choose the Express Install which installs IPM using all default settings,
  press Enter.
  To choose the standard installation which prompts you for additional
  information such as port numbers, product path, and filename, type N and
  press Enter.
  
  Step 8 If your system does not meet all the requirements for IPM, the installation
  program proceeds with the standard installation and you are prompted for
  information such as port numbers, product path, and filename.
  
  Step 9 Verify that the installation was completed successfully by viewing the messages
  displayed at the end of the installation and by viewing the installation log. The
  installation log path is specified at the end of the installation script.
  
  Step 10 Depending on the installation option you selected, a menu appears with options
  to start the software or exit setup. If the installation was successful, select an
  option to start the software.
  
  The following menu appears when you install the IPM server and client software:
  1) Start IPM Server and Client
  2) Start IPM Server Only
  3) Exit Setup
  
  Please choose an option ->
  The following menu appears when you install only the IPM client software:
  1) Start IPM Client and Connect to Default Remote Server - cwb-sun4
  2) Start IPM Client and Connect to Alternate Remote Server
  3) Exit Setup
  
  Please choose an option ->
  To start the IPM server and client at a later time from the command line, enter:
  # cd /opt/CSCOipm/bin
  # ./ipm
  To start just the IPM server at a later time from the command line, enter:
  # cd /opt/CSCOipm/bin
  # ./ipm start
  2)在windows2000上安装
  5-5
  Step 1 Log in as the administrator.
  Step 2 Insert the IPM CD-ROM in the CD-ROM drive on the workstation. The IPM
  program files are automatically extracted from the CD-ROM. When all the files
  are extracted, the Internetwork Performance Monitor Setup window appears.
  Note If the setup window does not appear automatically when you insert the
  CD-ROM, go to the root directory and run the ipmfull.exe command.
  Step 3 Click Next. The License Agreement window appears.
  Step 4 If you accept the license agreement, click Yes. The Setup Type window appears.
  Note The Setup Type window allows you to specify whether you are
  installing the IPM server, the IPM client, or both. If you are running
  Windows 98, you can install only the IPM client, so the Setup Type
  window is unnecessary. Instead, the Select Program Folder window
  appears, and you should skip to Step 7.
  Step 5 Specify whether you are installing the IPM server, the IPM client, or both:
  To install both, select IPM Client & Server, then click Next.
  To install only the IPM client, select IPM Client, then click Next.
  To install only the IPM server, select IPM Server, then click Next.
  The Choose Destination Location window appears.
  Step 6 Accept the default location, or browse to find a location, then click Next. The
  Select Program Folder window appears.
  Step 7 Accept the default folder, enter a folder name, or browse to find a folder, then
  click Next. The Select IPM Server Configuration windowappears.
  shows the Select IPM Server Configuration window if you are
  installing only the IPM client. If you are installing the IPM server the window is
  similar, but the DbPort field is displayed instead of the Server Host field.
  Step 8 If you are installing the IPM server, in the DbPort field enter a port number for
  the IPM server database. The default port number is 44341/tcp.
  If you are installing only the IPM client, in the ServerHost field enter the name
  of the host on which the IPM server software is installed.
  Step 9 (Optional) In the ServerPort field, enter a server port number. The default is
  44342/udp.
  If you are installing only the IPM client, verify that the IPM server is using default
  port number 44342/udp. If the IPM server is using a different port number, enter
  that number in this field. The IPM client and server can communicate only if they
  are configured for the same port number.
  Step 10 (Optional) In the WebPort field, enter a Web port number. The default is
  1744/tcp.
  Step 11 Click Next. IPM asks you to confirm your choices, and the Start Copying Files
  window appears.
  Step 12 Click Next. The Setup Status window appears and the files are copied.
  Step 13 When all of the files have been copied, IPM asks if you want to do regular
  unattended backups of the IPM database. If you want to enable this feature, click
  Yes.
  Step 14 The InstallShield Wizard Complete window appears. Installation is complete.
  Step 15 IPM asks if you want to read the README file. The README file contains
  late-breaking information that might not be found in the product documentation.
  Step 16 To read the latest information about IPM in the README file, select the
  README check box and click Finish.
  
  3)访问IPM
  可用IPM client 连接server,也可能用:http://serverip:1744访问。
  经过安装发现IPM在中文版的系统上无法正常使用,只有在英文版的系统上才能使用。
  
  8.安装access control list manager
  
  Step 1 Make sure your system meets all of the requirements a
  Step 2 To become superuser, enter su and the root password at the command prompt, or
  log in as root.
  Step 3 Insert the CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive.
  The CD-ROM is automatically mounted into the /cdrom/cdrom0 directory. If you
  are running File Manager, a separate File Manager window displays the contents
  of the CD-ROM.
  Step 4 Enter:
  # cd /cdrom/cdrom0
  # ./setup.sh
  Chapter 1 Installing ACL Manager
  Installing ACL Manager on Solaris
  Step 5 Enter y to agree to the terms of the copyright, then press Return.
  If you are upgrading ACL Manager 1.2 to 1.3, the install program prompts you to
  back up data from the previous release. You should back up your ACL Manager
  1.2 data.
  If you are installing ACL Manager for the first time, go to Step 8.
  Step 6 Enter y at the command prompt, then press Return.
  Step 7 Enter the path for the backup directory, then press Return.
  After the data has been backed up, if the correct version of Essentials is not
  installed, an error message appears and the installation terminates.
  Step 8 If Essentials is installed, this message appears on your screen:
  Select component(s) you wish to install (all/none/q)[all]:
  Type all, then press Return.
  If Essentials is running, the install program asks you whether you want to stop the
  CiscoWorks2000 Daemon Manager or not. Type y to continue installing
  ACL Manager. If you type n, the installation program exits.
  The installation program displays the names of the server files being installed. If
  you have upgraded from ACL Manager 1.2 to 1.3, the data is updated.
  ACL Manager gets registered in the CiscoWorks2000 data backup framework.
  After the installation is complete, the installation program restarts the
  CiscoWorks2000 Daemon Manager.
  
  9.安装real-time monitor(有点难)
  
  1)在windows2000上创建一个安全帐户:
  用治理员帐户登录;select start button>settings>control panel>administerative tools>computer management; expand the local users and groups list;select users;form the action menu ,select new user;creat the user-ngenius. Select start button>settings>control panel>administerative tools >local secureity policy; expand the local policies list;select user rights assignment;grant the user rights to the new user: log on as a batch job.log on as a service.log on locally.
  2)安装real-time monitor
  
  ①log in as administerator
  ②insert the CD
  ③the welcome window displays.click next to continue.
  ④click next.
  ⑤click next.
  ⑥click next.
  ⑦accept or change the following information: web server port database server portn Genius user account login name nGenius user account password
  ⑧enter the database password.
  ⑨in the installation owner information panel.enter the following information log in name password
  ⑩click next.
  (11)click next.
  (12)click yes.
  (13) click ok.
  (14)click yes.
  (15)end.
  运行RTM
  
  在开始菜单中按start nGenius server .
  
  还需要在交换机和路由器上作设定,以IOS为例
  service timestamps log datetime localtime show-timezone msec
  service timestamps debug datetime msec localtime show-timezone
  logging ***.***.***.***
  snmp-server community ******* RO
  snmp-server community ******* RW
  snmp-server enable traps
  snmp-server host ***.***.***.*** version 2c public
  clock timezone CCT 8
  ntp server ***.***.***.***
  
  大概主要就这些设定