数据结构:哈夫曼树的应用

3/8/2008来源:C/C++教程人气:8719

#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<conio.h>a
#include<graphics.h>
#define MAXVALUE 200           /*权值的最大值*/
#define MAXB99v  30             /*最大的编码位数*/
#define MAXNODE 30             /*初始的最大的结点数*/
 strUCt haffnode
         {char data;
   int weight;
                        int flag;
                        int parent;       /*双亲结点的下标*/
                        int leftchild;    /*左孩子下标*/
                        int rightchild;   /*右孩子下标*/
         };
 struct haffcode
         {int bit[MAXNODE];
                        int start;        /*编码的起始下标*/
   char data;
   int weight;       /*字符权值*/
         };  
/*函数说明*/
/************************************************************************/
void pPRintf(struct haffcode haffcode[],int n);
/*输出函数*/
void haffmantree(int weight[],int n,struct haffnode hafftree[],char data[]);
/*建立哈夫曼树*/
void haffmancode(struct haffnode hafftree[],int n,struct haffcode haffcode[]);
/*求哈夫曼编码*/
void test(struct haffcode haffcode[],int n);
/*测试函数*/
void end();
/*结束界面函数*/
/************************************************************************/  
void haffmantree(int weight[],int n,struct haffnode hafftree[],char data[])
    /*建立叶结点个数为n,权值数组为weight[]的哈夫曼树*/
    {int i,j,m1,m2,x1,x2;
     /*哈夫曼树hafftree[]初始化,n个叶结点共有2n-1个结点*/
         for(i=0;i<2*n-1;i++)
        {if(i<n)  {hafftree[i].data=data[i];
     hafftree[i].weight=weight[i];   /*叶结点*/
           }
         else     {hafftree[i].weight=0;           /*非叶结点*/
     hafftree[i].data='\0';
     }
         hafftree[i].parent=0;                     /*初始化没有双亲结点*/
                              hafftree[i].flag=0;
         hafftree[i].leftchild=-1;
                              hafftree[i].rightchild=-1;
                             }
   for(i=0;i<n-1;i++)                              /*构造哈夫曼树n-1个非叶结点*/
                            {m1=m2=MAXVALUE;
                             x1=x2=0;
        for(j=0;j<n+i;j++)
     {if(hafftree[j].weight<m1&&hafftree[j].flag==0)
                                         {m2=m1;
                                          x2=x1;
                                          m1=hafftree[j].weight;
                                          x1=j;
                                         }
      else if(hafftree[j].weight<m2&&hafftree[j].flag==0)
                                            {m2=hafftree[j].weight;
                                             x2=j;
                                            }
                                  }
                                  hafftree[x1].parent=n+i;
                                  hafftree[x2].parent=n+i;