java servlet/jsp随机验证码

3/26/2009来源:Java教程人气:10012

package com.banding.web.util;

import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Font;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Random;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import com.sun.image.codec.jpeg.JPEGCodec;
import com.sun.image.codec.jpeg.JPEGImageEncoder;

public class Image extends HttpServlet {
 
 //public static final long serialVersionUID = 1L ;
 
    //PRivate static final String CONTENT_TYPE = "text/html; charset=GBK";

    public Color getRandColor(int fc, int bc) { //给定范围获得随机颜色
        Random random = new Random();
        if (fc > 255) {
            fc = 255;
        }
        if (bc > 255) {
            bc = 255;
        }
        int r = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
        int g = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
        int b = fc + random.nextInt(bc - fc);
        return new Color(r, g, b);
    }

    //Initialize global variables
    public void init() throws ServletException {
    }

    //Process the HTTP Get request
    public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws
            ServletException, IOException {
        //设置页面不缓存
        response.setHeader("Pragma", "No-cache");
        response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
        response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0);

  // 在内存中创建图象
        int width = 60, height = 20;
        BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height,
                                                BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);

  // 获取图形上下文
        Graphics g = image.getGraphics();

  //生成随机类
        Random random = new Random();

  // 设定背景色
        g.setColor(getRandColor(200, 250));
        g.fillRect(0, 0, width, height);

  //设定字体
        g.setFont(new Font("Times New Roman", Font.PLAIN, 18));

  //画边框
  //g.setColor(new Color());
  //g.drawRect(0,0,width-1,height-1);

  // 随机产生155条干扰线,使图象中的认证码不易被其它程序探测到
        g.setColor(getRandColor(160, 200));
        for (int i = 0; i < 155; i++) {
            int x = random.nextInt(width);
            int y = random.nextInt(height);
            int xl = random.nextInt(12);
            int yl = random.nextInt(12);
            g.drawLine(x, y, x + xl, y + yl);
        }

  // 取随机产生的认证码(4位数字)
        String sRand = "";
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
            String rand = String.valueOf(random.nextInt(10));
            sRand += rand;
  // 将认证码显示到图象中
            g.setColor(new Color(20 + random.nextInt(110),
                                 20 + random.nextInt(110),
                                 20 + random.nextInt(110)));
  //调用函数出来的颜色相同,可能是因为种子太接近,所以只能直接生成
            g.drawString(rand, 13 * i + 6, 16);
        }

  // 将认证码存入session
        request.getSession().setAttribute("rand", sRand);

  // 图象生效
        g.dispose();

  // 输出图象到页面
  //ImageIO.write(image, "JPEG", response.getOutputStream());
        JPEGImageEncoder encode = JPEGCodec.createJPEGEncoder(response.
                getOutputStream());
        encode.encode(image);

    }

    //Clean up resources
    public void destroy() {
    }
}

 

上面的代码可以直接用,在web.xml中配置好以后就可以在浏览器中访问这个servlet,能得到下面的效果验证码的效果图

若要在jsp页面中使用这个验证码 只需用一个 <img src="那个servlet的地址" />

这样就好了