asp+语法教程(六)数据库篇

11/9/2000来源:ASP教程人气:20211

列表,数据和数据棒定
asp+ 给我们提供了一套数据表格和数据列表的控件。这些控件可以帮助我们定制我们UI(user interFace 用户界面)而不去考虑一种数据库或者其他的数据库。例如:在下面的例子中,我们将要介绍一下<asp:datagrid runat=server>控件是怎么样通过sql 语句给我们提供数据的
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.SQL" %>

<html>
<head>
<link rel="stylesheet"href="intro.CSS">
</head>

<script language="VB" runat=server>

Sub SubmitBtn_Click(Sender As Object, E As EventArgs)

Dim DS As DataSet
Dim MyConnection As SQLConnection
Dim MyCommand As SQLDataSetCommand
'以下是数据库联结
MyConnection = New SQLConnection("server=localhost;uid=sa;pwd=;database=pubs")
MyCommand = New SQLDataSetCommand("select * from Titles where type='" + Category.SelectedItem.Value + "'", myConnection)

DS = new DataSet()
MyCommand.FillDataSet(DS, "Titles")

MyList.DataSource = DS.Tables("Titles").DefaultView
MyList.DataBind()

End Sub


</script>

<body>

<center>

<form action="intro75.aspx" method="post" runat="server">

<asp:adrotator AdvertisementFile="ads.xml" BorderColor="black" BorderWidth=1 runat="server"/>

<h3> Name: <asp:textbox id="Name" runat="server"/>

Category: <asp:dropdownlist id="Category" runat=server>
<asp:listitem >psychology</asp:listitem>
<asp:listitem >business</asp:listitem>
<asp:listitem >popular_comp</asp:listitem>
</asp:dropdownlist>

<asp:button type=submit text="Lookup" OnClick="SubmitBtn_Click" runat="server"/>

<p>

<ASP:DataGrid id="MyList" HeaderStyle-BackColor="#aaaadd" BackColor="#ccccff" runat="server"/>

</form>

</center>

</body>

</html>
这个例子的运行示例在
http://tutorial.superexpert.com/quickstart/aspplus/samples/webforms/intro/intro75.aspx

数据表格(data grid)控件 <asp:datagrid runat=server>
给我们提供了一种非常简单的方法用传统的UI截面去显示数据查询的结果.Asp+ 的开发者现在还可以通过<asp:dataList runat=server>
来定制数据列表显示来定制信息

<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.SQL" %>

<html>
<head>
<link rel="stylesheet"href="intro.css">
</head>

<script language="VB" runat=server>

Sub SubmitBtn_Click(Sender As Object, E As EventArgs)

Dim DS As DataSet
Dim MyConnection As SQLConnection
Dim MyCommand As SQLDataSetCommand

MyConnection = New SQLConnection("server=localhost;uid=sa;pwd=;database=pubs")
MyCommand = New SQLDataSetCommand("select * from Titles where type='" + Category.SelectedItem.Value + "'", myConnection)

DS = new DataSet()
MyCommand.FillDataSet(DS, "Titles")

MyList.DataSource = DS.Tables("Titles").DefaultView
MyList.DataBind()

End Sub

</script>

<body>

<center>

<form action="intro8.aspx" method="post" runat="server">

<asp:adrotator AdvertisementFile="ads.xml" BorderColor="black" BorderWidth=1 runat="server"/>

<h3> Name: <asp:textbox id="Name" runat="server"/>

Category: <asp:dropdownlist id="Category" runat=server>
<asp:listitem >psychology</asp:listitem>
<asp:listitem >business</asp:listitem>
<asp:listitem >popular_comp</asp:listitem>
</asp:dropdownlist>

<asp:button type=submit text="Lookup" OnClick="SubmitBtn_Click" runat="server"/>

<p>

<asp:datalist id="MyList" repeatcolumns="2" borderwidth="0" runat="server">

<template name="itemtemplate">

<table>
<tr>

<td>
<img src='<%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "title_id", "/quickstart/aspplus/images/title-{0}.gif") %>'>
</td>

<td width=250 valign=top>

<b><%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "title") %></b>

<br><br>

PRice: <%# DataBinder.Eval(Container.DataItem, "price", "${0}") %>
</td>

</tr>
</table>

</template>

</asp:datalist>

</form>

</center>

</body>

</html>


这个程序的运行例子在
http://tutorial.superexpert.com/quickstart/aspplus/samples/webforms/intro/intro8.aspx